Health Guide

What is a hysterectomy?

Hysterectomy is the surgery to remove the uterus/womb.

Why is hysterectomy done?

Hysterectomy maybe performed to treat the following conditions:

  • Uterine fibroids
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Endometriosis
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Gynecologic cancer
  • Pelvic support problems (e.g. uterine prolapse)

What structures are removed during a hysterectomy?

The different types of hysterectomy are as following

  • Total hysterectomy—The entire uterus is removed, including the cervix.
  • Partial hysterectomy— The cervix is preserved and the upper part of the uterus is removed.
  • Radical hysterectomy—This is a total hysterectomy along with the removal of structures around the uterus..

What will happen if my ovaries are removed before I have gone through menopause?

You will immediately experience menopause signs and symptoms.

What are the different ways hysterectomy can be performed?

A hysterectomy may be performed: through the through the abdomen, vagina,  or with laparoscopy.

How is a vaginal hysterectomy done?

In such a hysterectomy, the uterus/womb is removed through the vagina. There is no incision in the abdomen.

How is an abdominal hysterectomy done?

Here, the uterus is removed via the lower abdomen through an incision.

How is laparoscopic hysterectomy done?

Laparoscopic surgery involves making small incisions around the abdomen area. A laparoscope is inserted through the incision which allows the surgeon to see the required organs. Your uterus ( small pieces) may be removed through the incisions

Will I have to stay in the hospital after having a hysterectomy?

The length of your stay in hospital will depend on the type of hysterectomy performed. One may require to stay in the hospital for few days.

What should I expect after having a hysterectomy?

One can expect to have pain for the initial days after the surgery. Medication will be given to relieve pain. Other effects involve bleeding through the vagina for few weeks and constipation.

What are some important things I should know about recovery?

Follow your doctor’s instructions.